Meet Kostya Novoselov, the man behind the super-thin material graphene that could revolutionise medicine and technology

Written by admin on 06/07/2018 Categories: 南京夜网

Sir Konstantin ‘Kostya’ Novoselov at Monash University, Clayton. Novoselov jointly won a Nobel prize in 2010, after he isolated graphene. Photo: Eddie JimIt may centre on logic and physics, but Sir Kostya Novoselov is adamant on the unpredictability of science.
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After all, it was in a moment of experimentation outside their regular research that he and colleague Andre Geim made the discovery that would earn them a joint Nobel Prize in 2010.

Who knew that something so simple as using a piece of sticky tape to peel a layer from a block of graphite, then peeling the layer again and again to make it progressively thinner, would yield the holy grail in materials research, the single-atom-thick carbon substance called graphene?

Stronger than diamond, lighter than a feather, more conductive than copper, flexible and transparent – it would take the rejection of two papers before the scientific community believed what sounded too good to be true.

“That’s part of the reason why it [graphene research] spread so quickly across the world — you only need some good graphite and some sticky tape,” he told Fairfax Media.

The discovery came in 2004 but the next major breakthrough will be in how to produce it on a commercial scale and realise its seemingly magical potential.

Graphene’s super-thin, lightweight, flexible structure and highly conductive properties mean it is poised to revolutionise numerous sectors from electronics and energy storage to manufacturing and biomedicine. It’s graphene that will make wacky concepts like foldable, fast-charging smartphones and lightweight, energy-efficient aircraft possible.

“It might take five, 10, 15 years before we know how to grow it in large areas – although, we had the same feeling about isolating graphene 10 years [or so] ago and the progress since then has been really enormous,” Novoselov says.

In pursuit of its potential, the British government has funded two flagship graphene research centres to the tune of £121 million ($260 million) at the University of Manchester, where Novoselov and Geim are based.

Among the growing list of companies partnering with the centres are Samsung, Sharp, Huawei, Lockheed Martin, Rolls-Royce, GlaxoSmithKline, Siemens and Dyson.

But it’s Asia, home of consumer electronics manufacturing, and with most of the world’s graphite deposits in China, that is tipped to drive growth. A recent report put the Chinese graphene market at about $6.4 million, with compound annual growth at 95 per cent annually to 2020.

Some companies already dabbling: Samsung claims it has made longer-lasting batteries with graphene components, while a few Chinese companies are marketing smartphones with graphene touchscreens. It’s also being used in lightweight tennis racquets, and a University of Manchester spinout says it will be selling energy efficient graphene light bulbs soon.

But Novoselov isn’t moved by mere gadgets, or improving things we already make. He’s interested in making completely new things that only graphene or its composites make possible.

“Applications in bio- and life-science are the most interesting and most promising,” he says.

“We’re definitely going to see more and more nanomedicines being used, whether it’s sensors or drug delivery or artificial tissues.”

Because graphene can be made porous at the molecular level, it is set to have new applications in filtration processes and protective coatings. Think clean air and water like never before; houses that don’t corrode; packaging that preserves food much longer.

Australia is jostling for its position on this new frontier, with scientists countrywide researching applications for the material, and new explorations for graphite deposits.

The University of Adelaide has a graphene research group, and this week Monash University both opened a dedicated research centre and sponsored an international conference in Lorne, Victoria attracting some 250 graphene experts frome home and abroad, including Novoselov.

An Australian National University spinout, 2Dfab Innovations, is producing and exploring the uses of graphene in wearable technologies.

Novoselov can’t stress enough the importance of training in these new materials; for example, not just training today’s electrical engineers in how to work with silicon.

“The point is that it’s technology, and technology evolves,” he says.

“The only way you can compete is to maintain a healthy level of science in the country and then there is a good chance the next best technologies are going to be produced here.”

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The wine wars: Is cheap wine too cheap?

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The government’s tax review will determine whether rebates given to the wine industry should be allowed to continue. Photo: Jessica ShapiroWine Equalisation Tax rebate: a rort?
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The wine industry is at war with itself. In one corner are the mass producers of lower end table wines that led a cheap Australian charge on the world stage.

In the other, are the top end producers seeking to carve out a premium niche with the attendant price.

Passions run hot on both side sides as there are big dollars at stake and it will fall to the federal government to referee the stoush.

Bruce Tyrrell, a well-known Hunter Valley figure who is a fourth generation member of one Australia’s first families of wine, sums up the federal government’s choice on the wine tax debate pithily: “it would be a very brave government that would say, ‘I am going make cask wine more expensive and Grange cheaper’.”

He may well be right, but his views represent just one side of a debate that’s divided the industry.

The central issue is tax, although it collides with numerous others including the role of government support for an export industry worth $1.8 billion and employing more than 16,000 people across more than 2000 businesses as well as the basic economics of a massive supply glut that has put strain on all players. A divided industry

FARE believes any revenue gained by taxing wine based on volume should go back into drug and alcohol education programs.

The key, and hotly contested, question is whether wine should be taxed at a flat rate based on volume, rather than as a portion of its wholesale price?

This question pits lower-cost wine producers – who prefer paying a lower rate – against the premium-brand producers – who want the mass producers taxed harder.

In a market where 65 per cent of the wine bought in bottles retailed for less than $8, this is a fundamental question.

To demonstrate the depth of the split consider that Accolade Wines – which markets itself as the “world’s leading provider of new-world premium, commercial and value wines” (brands include Hardys and Jack Rabbit)and Wine Grape Growers Australia, which represent more than half of the nation’s 6200 grape growers, want the status quo. They’ve also got Cider Australia (which says that cider, as a fruit wine, should be taxed in the same manner as grape wine) in their corner.

They face off against the country’s biggest wine company Treasury Wine Estates (TWE). Its big brands include Penfolds, Wolf Blass, Rosemount Estate and Lindemans.

TWE is joined by the other big premium brand winemaker, Pernod Ricard Winemakers, which heads the Jacob’s Creek, Wyndham Estate, and Orlando Wines brands.

Another advocate for change to wine taxing arrangements is the Foundation for Alcohol Research and Education (FARE), although its position somewhat differs from the wine companies. FARE believes any revenue gained by taxing wine based on volume, and ending industry rebates, should go back into drug and alcohol education programs. The wine companies say it should go to helping the struggling industry compete in the export market. Cheap wine gets taxed less

Currently, cheap wine gets taxed less than more expensive wine.

This Wine Equalisation Tax (WET) is a tax based on the value of wine and other fruit-based alcohol products, and applied regardless of the amount of alcohol in the product.

All other alcohol products like beer and spirits are taxed on a volumetric basis, with the amount of tax paid determined by the volume of alcohol within the product and the category of alcohol (for example full-strength packaged beer is taxed differently to spirits).

The tax paid per standard drink on a $13 cask of wine is 5¢. Compare that to bottled wine, which is taxed at 15¢ for a $15 bottle of wine, and almost $1 for a $50 bottle of wine.

Pernod Ricard says that for wines retailing at $12, Australia’s rate is more than 40 times higher than France, seven times higher than South Africa and almost five times higher than the United States.

It argues that a change, that would see margins squeezed for some players, would help solve the glut.

“It will have a real impact on forcing uneconomic producers to change their business model or leave the industry,” its submission to the tax white paper says.

Its submission suggests transitional support, and restructuring assistance, to help to winemakers and growers that want out.

Pernod Ricard estimates that at the proposed volume-based rate of $2.20 per litre of wine, the price of cask wine would rise on average by $1.70 a litre.

Such a rate would “not substantially” impact the price of wines sold between $6 and $15 a bottle, but it would stimulate production of premium wines retailing for $15 a bottle or more. Communities would be ‘decimated’

Managing director of Casella Family Brands (behind the Yellow Tail brand), John Casella. Photo: James Brickwood

Overall this would be “revenue neutral” for the government, it says, and will improve the image of Australian wines “damaged by an influx of cheap wine”.

Industry veteran Brian Croser is deputy chairman of Wine Australia, the government body responsible for helping grow the Australian wine market. But he spoke to Fairfax Media in a personal capacity, as the man behind the family wine companies, Petaluma and Tapanappa located in South Australia’s Piccadilly Valley. He says wine has always, and should always, get preferential tax treatment and he hates the idea of volumetric tax.

“A volume-based tax would decimate those communities in the Riverland and MIA,” he says, referring to the Murrumbidgee Irrigation Area in NSW.

Managing director of Casella Family Brands (behind the Yellow Tail brand), John Casella, also believes the issue has been exaggerated.

He says TWE and Pernod Ricard’s argument is that “wine needs to be expensive or no-one will buy it”.

“I mean please, what nonsense,” Casella says.

“If we want people to stop buying Corollas and instead buy Lexus, do we change the laws or do we change the way we market Corollas better? If industry wants people to drink better wine, it should promote it. I cannot believe the time that’s been wasted on this whole tax debate when we should be focusing on selling ourselves and our products to our customers and consumers overseas.”

But the chief winemaker for Jacob’s Creek, Ben Bryant, says the tax system is hurting its ability to do so. “​You have a tax structure that favours cheap wine… Unless you complement marketing with a fair tax system, you are not going to address these structural issues.” The end of an industry?​

South Australian Liberal Senator Sean Edwards. Photo: Daniel Munoz

Accolade’s submission by its chief executive John Ratcliffe suggests that an increase on the tax on wine “risks devastating the wine industry”.

He says four out of five bottles and casks of wine will increase in price if the federal government imposes a volumetric tax on the industry. “We would expect demand for [affordable] wines to fall dramatically given likely price rises – with significant negative economic impacts in regional Australia, particularly the River Murray related wine producing regions of South Australia, Victoria and New South Wales,” Ratcliffe says.

“The scale of the impacts in those regions would be similar in economic and social outcomes to the restructure of the car industry, with the additional drawback that regional residents have fewer employment options, forcing many to choose between unemployment and leaving the region to find employment, further damaging the already straining fabric of rural communities.”

The greatest impact of increasing the price of cheaper wine will be on pensioners and other battlers who would be forced to give up one of “life’s little luxuries”.

The Winemakers’ Federation of Australia – the national industry body for Australia’s winemakers – has chosen to stay silent (given its members are from both sides of the debate). Its chief executive Paul Evans told Fairfax Media it was a very “divisive” issue.

Wine Grape Growers Australia says that lifting the price of one type of alcohol is more likely to lead to a switch to the next available substitute rather than a reduction in consumption.

The major drivers of cheap wine isn’t tax, its submission says, but rather, retailer market power and promotions. It says the government needs to deal with such issues separately.

“A volumetric tax on wine would be regressive and discriminate against older and generally poorer consumers who would be most affected by the price increase, whereas consumers of luxury wines, generally wealthier, would make gains through price reductions,” it says.

Tyrrell says: “I see no reason why pensioners, who may have a glass of wine a day …should be hit.”

South Australian Liberal Senator Sean Edwards – himself a winemaker in the Clare Valley – says changing the way wine gets taxed is a “big benefit to multinationals and beer distributors” but not to “wine makers and Australian grape growers”.

He says those advocating for change to the way wine gets taxed “are just wage earners”.

“They don’t have family businesses which are generations old,” he says. “I hear the word rationalisation in this conversation all the time – but what does that mean in practice? It means receivers and managers get appointed … it means there is going to be a loss of assets for the industry. … How long before we have no vineyards left because of this rationalisation that the industry is talking about?​” The social consequences

In 2013-14, the Government raised $5.1 billion in alcohol tax revenue. Photo: Michele Mossop

The Australia Institute modelling shows that if wine were taxed in the same way as beer, an extra $1.4 billion in tax revenue could be raised each year.

The potential gain is measured both in terms of extra tax revenue, as well as social benefits that can be realised by reducing alcohol-related harm.

The 2010 Henry tax review – which had recommended a volumetric tax rate be applied to alcoholic beverages including wine – argued that it would raise the price of cheap wine, and thereby reduce the costs associated with alcohol abuse.

The Foundation for Alcohol Research and Education (FARE) submission says that the “current alcohol taxation system is illogical, incoherent and does not adequately recognise the extent of harms that result from the consumption of alcohol in Australia”.

It says the WET has contributed to wine being the cheapest form of alcohol available for sale, with some wine in Australia being sold for as little as 24 cents per standard drink and the majority of bottled wine (about 65 per cent) being sold for under $8.00.

“There is strong evidence to demonstrate that the lower the price of alcohol, the higher the levels of consumption,” its submission says. “The WET must move to a volumetric tax rate as a matter of urgency.”

In 2013-14, the Government raised $5.1 billion in alcohol tax revenue (via the tax on beer, spirits and other excisable beverages).

This is despite the economic impact of alcohol on the Australian community costing $14.3 billion, according to the FARE submission, which cites Marsden Jacobs Associates (MJA) research. That research found the total costs of alcohol harm in Australia would be easily in excess of $15 billion per year.

FARE says the alcohol industry has been quick to innovate and “take advantage of the perverse incentives offered by the current taxation arrangements”.

It says spirit-like products such as TriVoski or Divas Vodkat are examples of products that are produced to imitate Vodka, but are actually ‘wine-based.’

“Because these products are taxed under the WET and not at the higher spirits rate, they are able to be taxed as wine and sold at cheap prices,” FARE says. For example, a 750ml bottle of TriVoski containing 13 standard drinks can be purchased for $9.95, equating to 77 cents per standard drink. The cost to the consumer

‘Australians will be economically better off’, says FARE’s Michael Thorn.

FARE chief executive, Michael Thorn, says the WET is corporate welfare at its worst.

“It simply beggars belief that ordinary Australians continue to foot the bill for the significant health and social costs of alcohol, while the majority of wine producers are profiting from favourable tax arrangements that encourage production of cheap alcohol that we know is targeted at, and consumed by problem drinkers,” he says.

Thorn says the price increase for pensioners will be so minuscule that it will not make a difference.

“The vast majority of Australians will be economically better off by taxing wine in a similar way to the way we tax draught beer,” he says.

FARE cites research by Allen Consulting that shows that if the WET is removed and replaced with a volumetric tax rate of $13.03 per litre of alcohol, it would result in an increase in the price of cask wine of 24.7 per cent and a decrease in the price of premium wine of 3.9 per cent.

The research estimates the change would decrease consumption of cask wine by 26.2 per cent or 6.98 million litres of pure alcohol.

However, there would be a 5.1 per cent increase in premium wine consumption, equivalent to 2.2 million litres of pure alcohol, and a substitution towards premium wine from other alcohol types by 1.8 per cent or 0.23 million litres of alcohol.

Total alcohol consumption would drop though, by 2.6 per cent or 4.9 million litres of pure alcohol.

Accolade and Wine Grape Growers Australia says while overall consumption may fall, price rises of one product will not stop binge drinking. Both submissions rightfully argue that those determined to drink will simply move to another product.

Accolade says that education and targeted programs about responsible drinking would be a better response. Tough choices

Bruce Tyrrell sees ‘no reason why pensioners, who may have a glass of wine a day …should be hit.’ Photo: Emma-Jane Pitsch

With wine consumption in Australia already at a 50-year lows, the impact of such drastic change to a tax system that the industry has so long relied on, will be devastating for some players.

As various submissions to the tax white paper noted, wine grape prices have halved over the past 15 years. And the size of the industry has shrunk in value by almost 25 per cent between 2003 and 2012.

In 2014, 84 per cent of Australian wine grapes were produced at a loss. Exports, while improving in some core markets such as China, overall remain subdued.

That leaves a conundrum for the government. Do they kill part of the industry to benefit another? Do they do more damage than good by meddling with the tax system?

Pernod Ricard says “tough choices need to be made if Australia’s wine industry is to achieve its full potential”.

But Tyrrell says if the government changes the system that generations of winemakers have relied it, it will not only destroy them, but local tourism.

“There are 3 million tourists driven to the Hunter Valley every year,” he says. “The small wine makers are an incredibly important part of that. It’s very easy to be pragmatic sitting in an office in Melbourne, but look at the country towns that are growing- they all have a tourism aspect to them. We’ve got to be careful we don’t take that away.”

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Victoria’s deadly dealings with guns: A shooting every nine days

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Police at a house in East Bentleigh where a man was shot on October 30. Photo: Joe ArmaoMan fighting for his life after shooting in city’s west
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A person has been injured or killed by gunfire on average every nine days in Victoria so far this year.

Almost one in three shootings resulting in death and injury over the past 10 months  were concentrated in a small pocket in Melbourne’s outer north, a Fairfax analysis found.

October has been  the worst month for gun violence this year, with 11 incidents, including the ambush of a man who was gunned down in Bentleigh East on Friday morning and a man shot after a fight in the city’s west late on Friday night.

At least half of the eight fatal shootings this year were drug-related, the victims suspected or convicted traffickers, or  associated with some of Melbourne’s most notorious criminal networks.

The month’s violence came to a head this week, as police guarded the Bentleigh East victim in hospital  and a man slain in a drive-by attack on Tuesday was mourned by his family.

Rachad Adra, 54, was killed in a drive-by attack on his Thomastown home, and his family continued the traditional Muslim three-day mourning period of Azza on Friday.

The father of three had been sleeping with his youngest son, four-year-old Kareem, when at least six shots ripped through two rooms of their brick home, fatally wounding him and leaving the boy in a serious condition.

Police are investigating whether his older sons, who work in the family’s heating and cooling business, were the intended targets of the shooting.

The deadly shooting occurred in a triangle about 20 kilometres north of the city, which has Roxburgh Park at its northern point, Broadmeadows to the west and Thomastown to the east, and has been plagued by gun violence this year.

The triangle is part of the so-called Red Zone in Melbourne’s north-west, which Fairfax revealed this year had recorded unprecedented levels of firearm seizures.

The latest shooting, the 38th this year resulting in death or injury, was in a far quieter area for gun crime – Melbourne’s south-east.

A 21-year-old was shot in the chest during an ambush by three men who followed him home early on Friday. Paramedics were called to the South Road, Bentleigh East house about 6.30am.

Inspector Bernie Edwards said police believed three men in a light-coloured sedan followed the young man to his family’s home, before one got out of the car and opened fire.

The man’s family was “understandably distressed”, while neighbours were concerned by the incident, Inspector Edwards said.

“But there’s no reason for [neighbours] to be concerned at this stage,” he said.

One of them, Selena Fang, said her parents-in-law heard up to six gunshots and then silence.

Ms Fang said she hoped the attack had not been random. “I’ve got a two-month-old baby, it’s very scary,” she said.

The Andrews government moved this week to speed up proposed changes to firearm trafficking laws, amid fears the state was awash with guns that were easily traded and increasingly being used by low-level criminals for protection.

But Crime Statistics Agency figures show that the rate of crimes against the person involving firearms has been relatively steady since 2011.

In the year to June, 2015, handguns were the gun most used by offenders, and were used more than twice as often as shotguns, the next most popular firearm.

The rate of stolen firearms is also steady, but rural properties and gun shops are still considered vulnerable by police; a sports store was burgled in Seymour on Monday, with several firearms stolen. The store owner declined to comment.

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Rugby World Cup final 2015 l LIVE COVERAGE

Written by admin on 20/09/2019 Categories: 南京夜网

On the eve of the Rugby World Cup final between Australia and New Zealand at Twickenham on Sunday (3am AEDT), Fairfax Media polleda wide range ofpersonalities from bothsides of the Tasman for their take on the big showdown between the All Blacks andWallabies and who will come outas champions.
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They hadthree simple questions to answer: 1) Who will win? 2) Why? and 3) What’s the score?

STIRLING MORTLOCK, former Wallabies back

1.Wallabies

2. To win the Wallabies need to dominate or at least get parity at scrum time, need to improve in the lineout and need to tighten up our defensive structures. I can’t wait for the battle of the breakdown in this decider as MichaelHooper, ScottFardyand David Pocock have combined so well in this tournament and been so dominant. Ifthe Wallabies are dominant in this area of the game – which I expect us to be – we are a decent chance!

3. 27-24

BRENDON McCULLUM, Black Caps captain

1. All Blacks

2. Best horse in the race

3. 29-14

OWENFINEGAN, former Wallabies flanker

1. Wallabies

2. These teams are very evenly matched at the moment. Since the 2011 World Cup the All Blacks have beenstreaks ahead of their opponents. I think MichaelCheikaand his three assistants Nathan Grey, StephenLarkham andMarioLedesmahave instilled a wonderful belief, physical intensity and tenacity in this group of proud Wallabies. The challenge for the Wallabies is to take their opportunities when the momentum of the game is in their favour.

3. 29-27

TANA UMAGA, Blues coach and former All Blacks captain

1. New Zealand

2. The tough thing for the All Blacks is the expectation and how they deal with that against a Wallabies side that has nothing to lose. The All Blacks can’t afford to go insular and must keep doing what got them to the final.

3. We’ll still win the World Cup if we win by one point as we’ve done before!

JEREMYPAUL, former Wallabies hooker

1. Australia

2. Our back row!Pocock, Hooper and Fardy’scombination has been the difference. If we played the Pumas without Pocock we could be talking about a different final. All great teams have the right mix when it comes to the back row the battle between RichieMcCaw, JeromeKainoand Kieran Read will determine the outcome.

3. 21-20 (Wallabies will lead by 8 with 10 minutes to go and the All Blacks will score at the death)

LAURIE MAINS, former All Blacks coach and player

1. All Blacks

2. It will be a really competitive game but across the board our players are a bit better than Australia and we’ve definitely got more strike power in our backs and that could be the difference. We’ll score one or two more tries than them in what should be a really entertaining game.

3. All Blacks to win by somewhere between 7 and 11 points.

MATT BURKE, former Wallabies fullback

1. Wallabies

2. Becauseof theirreinvigoratedscrum thatallows them to play flatter in the backs. You can actually get the ball to the line. Rather than play them on back foot ball, they are able to get that front foot ball. That has been the key to their victories so far, the scrum has been able to get parity.

3. 19-17

JOHN HART, former All Blacks coach

1. All Blacks

2. They’ve had the better preparation. Australia are starting to take the toll of a very difficult, physical pool round and quarter and semis. They’re also losing a bit of their edge compared with where I see the All Blacks who are in pretty good shape and don’t seem to have any major injury worries.

3. I think it will be closer than some people think. I think it will be a 9-point game.

DANNY GREEN, boxer

1. Australia

2. I love the way David Pocock and Michael Hooper put everything on the line when they play. The waythey play has to lift their team-mates and inspire them to give their all, like that big bearded bloke [ScottFardy] the other night. He was sensational and what [Fardy] Hooper and Pocock have proven is theWallabies have the grit and guts that’s needed to win the World Cup.

3. 24-12

MIKE HESSON, Black Caps coach

1. All Blacks

2. Not just their overall consistency, but also their form leading into tournament. They make good decisions under pressure and have a superb group of leaders on the field.

3. 23-19

ANTHONYMINICHIELLO, former Kangaroo

1. Australia

2. I think MichaelCheikahas done a great job and it’s inspiring to see the passion the Wallabies areplaying with and thecameraderiewithin the team. They can do it but they’ll need to play at their absolutebest as the All Blacks are a sensational team. I can’t wait to see it.

3. It will be very close.

JOHN KEY, Prime Minister of New Zealand

1. All Blacks

2. The All Blacks are one of only a few teams that have played in the Rugby World Cup and won. They have a huge depth of experience and that makes them formidable opponents.

3. 27-12

LOTETUQIRI, former Wallaby and Kangaroo

1. Wallabies

2. I just think it’s our time. We’ve timed our run in this campaign well and we have a great mix in the squad that is hungry and MichaelCheikahas created confidence in depth now. Seems as though Cheika’s confidence in players backing themselves has instilled calmness, accountability and clarity within the squad.

3. 22-17

PETER BURLING, Team New Zealand helmsman

1. All Blacks

2. Because they are the All Blacks and their winning record speaks for itself. They make a habit of winning under pressure.

3. 20-12

ANNA MEARES, Australian 11 times world track cycling champion

1. Wallabies

2. I can’t not back the Aussies! I think it’s going to be a hard fought, tight tussle. Wouldn’t expect anythingless with the history of these two teams.

3. 21-18

LAURA LANGMAN, Silver Ferns vice-captain

1. Silly question, really. Definitely the ABs.

2. They’re the complete package across the field. By the sounds everyone’s fit and player loads have been monitored well and they’ve got that X-factor.

3. 32-26. I’m hoping for a try-fest.

​GLEN ELLA, former Wallaby

1. Wallabies

2. They have got the belief. They actually believe it. I have said from the start, whatever side Australia puts in every competition – whether it is tiddlywinks, chess or rugby league or rugby union – they are going to compete. Sure, they might have had a couple of lucky breaks, but that is the way it goes. They believe in themselves. You are halfway there if that happens.

3. 22-16

VALERIE ADAMS, two-time Olympic and four-time world shot put champion

1 The All Blacks of course!!!

2. You can see that they have prepared so well, the environment looks like it’s just humming and they all seem so comfortable as a team and as individuals. They are world class in sport and it will shine through.

3. I’m going to go with 29-14. A final flourish.

DEAN VICKERMAN, Australian coach of the New Zealand Breakers in the National Basketball League

1. All Blacks

2. From what I’ve I’ve read the clarity of purpose and the role definition of the All Blacks is outstanding. Their experienced leadership and ability to keep a clear head when the game gets tight will be the difference. Strong defence and some individual attacking brilliance are required in big games and I believe the ABs have these areas more than covered. As an Aussie it is never easy to pick against the Wallabies. I love the job Michael Cheika has done and look forward to a great battle. Being a stat man, I also note it’s 2-2 on neutral grounds. We’ll have the stands full at Atlas Place watching it unfold on Sunday morning.

3. 18-13.

BEN MATULINO, Kiwis league player

1. All Blacks for sure

2. They’ve been in that situation a lot of times. The All Blacks forwards are a lot different to how they used to be when they were one dimensional, you’ve got hookers on the wings scoring tries and there are threats across the park. The same team has stuck together for a number of years and built up their combinations.

3. 27-14

KODI NIKORIMA, Kiwis league player

1. All Blacks

2. They’ve got experience on their side. I think there are seven players who’ll be putting on the jersey for the last time I believe. They’ve been at the top for years and I’m hoping that gets them over the top of the Wallabies.

3 23-17

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Truck drivers mourn their fallen

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REMEMBERING THE FALLEN: People pay their respects to fallen truck drivers at the Australian Truck Drivers Memorial in Tarcutta on Saturday. Picture: Laura Hardwick
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More than 1500 people braved driving rain in Tarcutta on Saturday to pay their respects to those who have lost their lives behind the wheel of a truck.

They gathered for the 22ndAustralian Truck Drivers Memorial –a day that holds as much meaning for drivers as Anzac Day does for soldiers according to the organisation’s chair, Doug McMillan.

“It’s a pretty sacred deal … if we lose a truck driver, it’s like Australia losing a soldier,” he said.

“The transport industry’s a funny bunch, but they do get along and that’s why the (memorial) wall’s there.”

Despite the inclement weather, the service had to go on, Mr McMillan said, though the rainy conditions didn’t appear to deter many people from paying their respects on Saturday.

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Letters to the editor

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PROVEN WRONG: Letter-writer Roy Jones says critics of the controversial Ulumbarra Theatre should eat their words.
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Ulumbarra Theatre critics slammedThis is a broadside to those critical exhibitionists who lambasted the completion of the Ulumbarra complex.

Such a complex refurbishment calls in many fertile minds initially to think of the concept to project the need, to raise finance from multiple sources to find architects to soak in the complexities of design requirements and then deliver such a complex building as they indeed have.

Yes, the finish was late. So what! So was the payment to the deserving local builders. Where did your sympathies lie?We now have a magnificent auditorium and art centre coupled to the Bendigo High School to be proud of in Bendigo current use and in historic significance and worth every cent and brass razoo.

I invite these purveyors of depredation to climb down from their soapbox and write an appreciative addendum of praise, then get off their shiny posterior and create something worthy and lasting.

With one arm and one eye I am proud of what I have contributed to Bendigo, but more proud of what past and present citizens of our beautiful city have given us.

Roy Jones, BendigoFlushing ratepayers’ money awayI live in Raywood and we are having our 150th Back to Raywoodin November.I went to a meeting today and they told me we have to pay to get the toilet at the recreation reserve fixed.

Why? The council say they are not their toilets but they pay someone who lives at Raywood to clean the toilets.So does that mean they are the council’s toilets?

The toilets are a health hazard. Why do we pay our rates? So the council can take care of things like this.We will have to get portaloos for the Back to Raywood.

Colleen Freestone, RaywoodCouncillor expenses out of controlThe revelations in the Bendigo Advertiser (October 31) in relation to “Councillors expense claims” is one that should make ratepayers outraged (I will bet it doesn’t).

Councillors are only claiming that which is available, yet I thought the $28,000 remuneration package for councillors was to cover their expenses whilst representing the community.

To be advised that there is “no upperlimit”or restrictions on claiming expenses is saying that the ratepayers have deep and endless pockets.

I am disappointed by the response of the Minister for Local Government, the parent of this child called local government.The minister should do more than just give lukewarm responses to ratepayers’ concerns, otherwise there is that feeling that this is a political and election ploy.

The minister should step in and ensure that the councillors are listening to the community, as it appears to some that this council has the opinion that those who oppose them are naive and self-interested reactionariesbecause they do not listen.

It appears that council’s plans and costs are now colliding with soft household income and should be thoroughly examined by the minister.

Those old councillors who gave their service for nothing as a community function must be turning in their graves.

Bill Collier, Golden SquareRates cap fits the billThe Andrews Labor government took a commitment to capping council rates and ensuring a fair and sustainable local government sector – and we will deliver it.

Legislation for the Labor government’s Fair Go Rates system is before the parliament and will come into effect in the 2016-17 financial year.No council will be exempt from the system.

If a council has projects that they believe require it to go above the cap, then the council will need to demonstrate to the Essential Services Commission that an increase is warranted.In doing so, the council will need to demonstrate it has the support of its community and that it fits within the efficient use of the council resources.

On average, over the past decade we’ve seen council rates rise by 6 per cent every year. It’s unsustainable and it’s unfair.The only question left about our Fair Go Rates system is whether or not the Liberal opposition will support it. Because they should.

Our Fair Go Rates system will ensure that there is greater transparency for councils and that uncontrolled rate rises are a thing of the past.

Natalie Hutchins, Minister for Local GovernmentThis story Administrator ready to work first appeared on Nanjing Night Net.

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Terara Public School Country Fair

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Terara Public School held their triennial Country Fair on Saturday.
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The beautiful grounds of Terara Public School, played host to the event which had something for everyone from High Tea to anauction to conclude the day.

Craft, fresh produce, jewellery, woodwork, preserves, clothing and books were just some of the goods available for purchase from the market stalls.

Children were kept entertained with a range of games and activities which includeda jumping castle, face painting and animal petting zoo.

Terara Public School Country Fair Vanessa and Mia Cladingbowl.

Caitlin Arts and Reese Langford.

Jenny Healey and Shelley Hill.

Elyzia Quin and Isabella Crockett.

Lily and Sarah Crockett.

Jack Rombouts and Hayley Coate.

Chelsea, Lucy and Abbey Harrison.

Peter, Fay and Julie Greenacre.

Jackson Wellington.

Talia Stewart, Marianne Campbell and Jayden Stewart.

Rylie Eastcott, Grace White, Charlotte White and Jasmine Eastcott.

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Jaguars roar into Ballarat

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ON SHOW: Jaguar Car Club of Victoria member Nick Cirakovic with his pre-WWII Jaguar at the Ballarat Botanical Gardens. Picture: Luka Kauzlaric.
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A CONVOY of Jaguarsrolled into Ballarat on the weekend much to the delight of vintagecar fans.

Members of Jaguar Car Clubs in South Australia and Victoria descended on Ballarat’s Botanical Gardens as part of their annualpre-WWII Jaguar display.

More than 15 restored and old racing Jaguars were on display to the public with the owners on hand to answer any questions about their prized possessions.

Jaguar Car Club of Victoria member Nick Cirakovic said each of the cars on display had a story to tell.

“They’ve all got history, whether it be racing, or being imported from overseas,” he said.

“They have even won Bathurst.”

ON DISPLAY: More than 15 Pre-WWII Jaguars went on show to the public as part of The Jaguar Car Club display on Saturday. Picture: Luka Kauzlaric.

Mr Cirakovic said many vehicles were restored including his Mark V which he has spent the last 15 years fixing after picking it up from an old barn.

An additional six Mark V models from 1948-50, nine Mark IV from 1939-47and one 1939 SS100 were also on display.

This is the first time the display has been held in Ballarat with the car clubs opting to choosedifferent locations between Melbourne and Adelaide each year.

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Bigger and scarier than ever – WA gears up for Halloween

Written by admin on 19/08/2019 Categories: 南京夜网

This witchy trio are all ready for the big night. Photo: Perth Zoo6PR’s Rod Tiley led the charge of those dead-set against Halloween celebrations this year.
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On the radio station’s Weekend Wake-up he raged against increasingly popular excuse to dress up and party.

“It’s an American tradition, not Australian, and its all about commercialism anyway,” he said.

Co-host Sue McDougall battled in favour of spooky fun for kids however a quick poll of callers saw a slim majority in favour of party pooper Rod.

But a quick look online shows that Rod and the anti-Halloween mob are fighting a losing battle.

There are kids parties everywhere – and the pubs and clubs are full of ghosts and ghouls too.

Even Perth Zoo is getting in on the action with “Boo at the Zoo” – a busy night combining a monster mash disco, ghost trains and special prizes for the best dressed little monsters.

Among the other big parties are Adventure World’s Fright Night, while crowds of witches and wizards are expected at Ocean keys in Clarkson.

Meanwhile there will be a series of Freaky Friday parties on Saturday afternoon at The Park Centre in Victoria Park, and Melville Plaza.

Or kids can go “trick or treating” at IKEA or Bunnings.

There’s a big Halloween party organised for The Grove in Peppermint Grove while plenty of screams and creepy campfire stories are on offer at Whiteman Park.

Candy Skull horses will take you on a creepy candy wagon tour around Aveley.

​There’ll be plenty of spooks in Hyde Park and at the Artspace in Scarborough.

In fact there’s not a suburb in the state that doesn’t seem to have something organised – and that’s not counting the thousands of kids who will be streaming around the streets trick or treating as soon as darkness falls.

Lock your door Rod – the spooks are coming to get you.

Follow WAtoday on Twitter @WAtoday

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Bill Shorten thinks young Australians should vote, but do they?

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Opposition Leader Bill Shorten wants to boost interest in politics among young Australians. Photo: Alex Ellinghausen Hannah Thomas, 16, is against lowering the voting age. Photo: Supplied
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Opposition Leader Bill Shorten might think she should have the right to vote but Hannah Thomas, 16, isn’t convinced.

“I’m against it, really. We’re not quite mature enough,” said the Caulfield Grammar student.

“Some 16-year-olds would have a fair understanding about all the politics and what Australia needs, I guess, but there are also lots that have no idea.”

Mr Shorten’s proposal to lower the voting age to 16 or 17 is aimed at galvanising interest in politics among young Australians. However, Ms Thomas said lack of knowledge – not just interest – was the main challenge.

“We’re pretty much isolated in our schools at that age and don’t quite understand the full outside world,” she said.

“I did a semester of legal studies, so I’ve learnt partial amounts of stuff about Parliament and my dad’s all for politics, so he likes to talk about it, but you can’t really say you always understand what he’s talking about.”

However, Ms Thomas’ friend, Miles Donnellan, disagrees. He thinks it’s about time Australia’s younger generations had their say.

“The youths of Australia are going to be the future leaders,” the 16-year-old said.

“And if we can have a say in which political leaders we see fit and are best for the future, we can sort of dictate how the future will be for when we’re running it.”

His hope is that expanding the vote to a younger demographic will help to persuade the government to be more open-minded, particularly on issues such as same-sex marriage.

As for the question of maturity, Mr Donnellan suggested Australia’s compulsory voting policy be relaxed for under 18s so those who don’t feel ready to vote won’t have to. However, he believes giving young Australians the opportunity to vote will motivate them to engage more with politics.

“Some 16-year-olds aren’t interested because they think, ‘I don’t have the option [to vote] anyway, so it doesn’t matter.’

“But if they’re presented the option some would definitely become interested because they think, ‘That matters to me now and I care about the future of Australia’,” Mr Donnellan said.

Besides, he points out, neither interest nor knowledge are prerequisites for the 16.3 million Australians currently eligible to vote.

“There are definitely adults who don’t really care who gets into government and who doesn’t.”

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Former quick Ryan Harris says Gabba must remain key part of Test summer

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Happy hunting ground: Ryan Harris snares a Shield wicket at the Gabba. Photo: Bradley KanarisFormer Australian fast bowler Ryan Harris says it would be shattering to see an Australian summer pass by without a Gabba Test, while also taking a shot at the lifeless pitches being served up around the country.
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The Black Caps land in Brisbane on Sunday before the opening Test of the summer and the quality of wickets will be a major talking point after their tour match in Blacktown was called off because of a crumbling surface.

That arid mess remains a far cry from what they will encounter at the Gabba from Thursday, with groundsman Kev Mitchell jnr on track to serve up the kind of celebrated strip that has become one of the best in Test cricket and a favourite hunting ground for the Australians.

The Kiwis won’t mind it either, with Tim Southee and Trent Boult certain to enjoy the pace, bounce and swing in the Queensland capital, which will have juiced up the surface even more courtesy of regular showers over the past seven days.

Brisbane has been the traditional starting point for the Australian summer and the home side can’t see any reason to change up the schedule, given their most recent loss there was against the mighty West Indies back in 1988.

But mounting commercial interests and the shift to bigger and brighter stadiums means the fixture is hardly certain in the mid-to-long term, particularly in the advent of a four-Test summer.

A new stadium in Perth will host feature Tests there on a drop-in pitch instead of the WACA Ground, with another drop-in used at the redeveloped Adelaide Oval. Both venues share with the AFL, as does the Gabba, although the Gabba Trust refuses to dig up the wicket.

With Melbourne and Sydney guaranteed Tests, it could leave the country’s most advantageous pitch to the Australians to do little but grow grass in the summer as new, more expansive venues get the biggest fish.

Harris said Australian players relished the chance to start the summer in Brisbane and any summer without a Test there would put a rebuilding home side on the back foot from day one.

“It’s disappointing. That’s why we start here at the Gabba. To have this wicket with the bounce, it’s unique against the touring sides. They’re just not used to it. There’s just not many warm-up games where you can try to get used to that,” Harris said.

“To lose that it’s a disadvantage for us as an Australian cricket team. That was the thing … each ground in Australia had different characteristics. We’ve already seen the Adelaide Oval … that’s gone. I think it will eventually get there. And even Sydney to an extent … it still spins but the wickets they’ve rolled out in recent years have been reasonably flat.

“To have the Gabba … it’s crucial to keep it. But they may not. It’s as simple as that.”

Harris would bow out on Australian soil by bending his back in four Tests against the Indians last summer, saying the lack of assistance at many of the venues made it even harder work for a man that already played through the pain barrier.

“It would be shattering (to see the Gabba omitted). The wickets we played on in my last series, that was India, the wickets we played on were horrible,” Harris said.

“It’s hard work playing Test cricket. But to go through games and get on wickets that are so flat …. Melbourne is not as bad now … it’s tough.

“As a quick bowler, against England we had good, hard bouncy Test wickets. It suited us. We’re at home so it should suit us. They do the same over there and they beat us. Not having them in the summer would be a massive disadvantage.”

The Gabba will be redeveloped as part of a 20-year ‘Masterplan’ and has been placed under pressure to keep up with interstate rivals in terms of comfort, access and in-ground technology.

But despite the trend to bring in the backhoes in multi-use venues (the ground is also home to the AFL’s Brisbane Lions) Gabba custodians are bucking the trend, meaning the pitch is there to stay.

It might yet be the jewel in the crown as Australian Test wickets battle to regain the sort of trait that made each an influential character in their own right.

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Mitchell Starc says bowlers not carrying weight of nation in Test series

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Australian fast bowler Mitchell Starc refused to concede Australia’s hopes of winning the series against New Zealand will fall upon the shoulders of the team’s bowling attack after selectors named an inexperienced top-order for Thursday’s opening Test.
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After the retirements of Michael Clarke, Shane Watson, Brad Haddin and Chris Rogers the selectors named Joe Burns (2 Tests/average 36.50), Usman Khawaja (9/25.13), Adam Voges 7/46), Mitchell Marsh (7/28.18), Peter Nevill (4/23.83) to join David Warner (43/46.78) and Steve Smith (33/56.27) to take on the Kiwis in Brisbane.

Australia’s bowlers are hardened veterans by comparison with Starc boasting (22 Tests/average 31.80), Mitchell Johnson (71/27.94) Nathan Lyon (46/34.09), Josh Hazlewood (9/21.75) and Peter Siddle (57/29.87).

However Starc, who started the summer in phenomenal form with 34 wickets for 301 runs from just six one-dayers and a Sheffield Shield match, said the bowling attack wouldn’t feel as though they’re carrying the weight of the nation.

“Anyone named in the 12 deserves their selection,” said the 25-year-old. “Things aren’t going to change for us bowlers. We’re going to talk about hitting New Zealand hard and worrying more about ourselves and what we need to do to perform at our best.

“We’ve always worked hard and as a partnership we need to do that again and we need to do it at our best. Regardless of who is in Australia’s bowling group, that [approach] will continue to be the same.”

Starc said the bowlers had channelled the “one for all, all for one” approach of former national team attacks by fostering the kind of brotherhood that existed when the attack under Steve Waugh was known as the “Fast Bowler’s Cartel”.

“I don’t think it’s changed since the days of Glenn McGrath, Brett Lee, Jason Gillespie and the boys,” he said. “We spend a lot of time around each other; we’re great mates on-and-off the field and while we’re on different sides of Australia there’s always text messages back and forth to see how the group is going.”

Despite painful spurs in his ankle Starc has been the standout player in the domestic matches and, while he is tired of talking about why he hasn’t yet matched his one-day exploits in the Test arena, pinpointed the reason for his electrifying form.

“From just playing cricket,” said Starc. “There’s been times in the past where I’ve spent time off the field so it’s nice to be playing for extended periods whether it’s with the white ball, red ball or, this week, the pink ball.

“I’ve never been a fan of resting or taking extended breaks because there’s only so much you can learn, or work on, in the nets. It’s nice to have a lengthy period of continuous cricket and, I guess, performing well enough to warrant selection.

“People ask about the white ball and red ball but it’s not so much the ball, it’s the tactics that come into play. When you have 10 overs or four overs with the white ball you can come in hard and attack a little more.

“The consistency comes into play with that red ball in longer formats that’s evaded me in the past and while it’s something that’s improved – it’s come along in leaps and bounds – I have a long way to go.

“I can definitely take some confidence out of some good performances in domestic cricket. It’s now a matter of me taking those performances into international cricket and having the consistency that’s needed to bowl good games back-to-back.”

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‘Hugh Bowman is the ultimate horseman’

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In top form: Hugh Bowman after riding Winx to a win in the Cox Plate Photo: Vince CaligiuriPhantom call: the greatest Melbourne Cup horses
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Boots and saddles are the most important thing to champion jockey Hugh Bowman. A horseman is nothing without the tools of his trade and Bowman is the ultimate horseman.

Gear to him is personal. He takes time to make sure he has the best in quality and technology.

“All my feel to the horse is through my hands and my feet. So I like my boots really snug and I get them made in England,” Bowman said.

“To me it is so important to have them really good and then the saddle, it has to sit really nice on the horse, so I can balance right. [The saddle] has to be like a comfy chair, it has to fit right to the horse and if it is comfortable then it helps you.”

It led Bowman to Peter Horobin Saddlery in Mornington in the build-up to the Melbourne Cup, where he rides Preferment on Tuesday. The stride-free saddle is a change Bowman feels gives him an edge.

The horseman and saddler worked at the craft of making a saddle for a couple of hours. How it sits and what they want it to achieve. A good saddle doesn’t make a horse go faster but it doesn’t restrict it.

Horobin has studied what the saddle does, and how it can affect a horse.

“I started getting saddles from all over the world and ripping them apart to understand the trees in them. I redesigned the whole tree itself and we notice the horse was more comfortable and moving better,” Horobin said.

“Imagine if a horse losing five mils with every stride over two miles. It makes a difference. Every little bit counts at the winning post.”

When Horobin talks of trees, it not of the leaves and roots variety. It is the framework of the saddle that hasn’t changed for hundreds of years until his new design.

“Trees have sharp points and can stick into the horse. We want to take that away,” Horobin said. “The saddle sits high on the back and the points when a jockey puts his weight forward can dig into the trapezius muscle, which is the shoulder muscle where the power comes from.

“The tree is the main part, it is the framework of the saddle. From there we build on it like a chassis of a race car. If the chassis handles the track well in a racecar the car performs better and it is the same thing with the saddle and the horse.

“If there are excessive pressure points it can restrict the muscle movement of the horse and its ability to perform its best.”

The jockey and saddler grab different saddles and place them on a mould of a horse’s back. They discuss how the saddle is attached to the horse and where it is attached.

Bowman is particular. He has sourced his own crocodile skin for his new set of saddles. It has come from a farm, Hermes uses for its handbags.

Why? “It looks good,” Bowman said after discussing how the saddle performs. In a world where a couple of ticks on the scale can prove crucial, Horobin points out the skin is heavy.

“You know it is heavier but it looks good and feels great,” Horobin said with the skin in his hands.

He knows his horseman, he knows what works and his stride-free saddle is changing the world. It has become the most popular saddle in France and around Europe

One time Horobin was explaining how his saddles work to someone in Europe, who just got up and walked away. In minutes he was back with a group of his saddles and dumped them in the bin.

It makes sense to horsemen. It makes sense to anyone.

“You need to be comfortable on the horse. And certainly where the saddle sits and how [it] moulds to the horse is very important,” Bowman said.

“Next time you get in the car put the seat right forward or right back and drive, if it is not comfortable you will change it. You want to be comfortable. It is even more important on the horse.”

Also important in racing is winning and Bowman got his first stride-free saddle a couple of months ago and the results were immediate.

“The first four rides in the saddle I won,” Bowman said. “I don’t read into those things but you certainly don’t want to get new gear and have no luck at all for a while.

“They are still taking time to break in [these saddles] but they feel really good on a horse. I have no doubt there is something in what Peter says and talking with him you understand it more.”

Bowman will grab his stride-free saddle on Tuesday when Preferment attempts to give him a Melbourne Cup to go with the Cox Plate from Winx last week.

There is a confidence from Bowman about Preferment, which he won the Hill Stakes and Turnbull Stakes on before it finished down the track in the Cox Plate.

“I was on him a long way out but I wasn’t really secured until after he won the Turnbull [Stakes],” Bowman said. “It is not something that happens that often. When I rode him at Randwick [in his Hill Stakes win] I knew I wanted to be on him. I knew he was my Cup horse.

“He is the right type of horse for the race. He has got the right weight, the right pedigree. The stable is in form and the horse looks amazing.”

The ultimate racing guide with the latest information on fields, form, tips, market fluctuations and odds, available on mobile, tablet and desktop.

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