Meet Kostya Novoselov, the man behind the super-thin material graphene that could revolutionise medicine and technology

Written by admin on 06/07/2018 Categories: 南京夜网

Sir Konstantin ‘Kostya’ Novoselov at Monash University, Clayton. Novoselov jointly won a Nobel prize in 2010, after he isolated graphene. Photo: Eddie JimIt may centre on logic and physics, but Sir Kostya Novoselov is adamant on the unpredictability of science.

After all, it was in a moment of experimentation outside their regular research that he and colleague Andre Geim made the discovery that would earn them a joint Nobel Prize in 2010.

Who knew that something so simple as using a piece of sticky tape to peel a layer from a block of graphite, then peeling the layer again and again to make it progressively thinner, would yield the holy grail in materials research, the single-atom-thick carbon substance called graphene?

Stronger than diamond, lighter than a feather, more conductive than copper, flexible and transparent – it would take the rejection of two papers before the scientific community believed what sounded too good to be true.

“That’s part of the reason why it [graphene research] spread so quickly across the world — you only need some good graphite and some sticky tape,” he told Fairfax Media.

The discovery came in 2004 but the next major breakthrough will be in how to produce it on a commercial scale and realise its seemingly magical potential.

Graphene’s super-thin, lightweight, flexible structure and highly conductive properties mean it is poised to revolutionise numerous sectors from electronics and energy storage to manufacturing and biomedicine. It’s graphene that will make wacky concepts like foldable, fast-charging smartphones and lightweight, energy-efficient aircraft possible.

“It might take five, 10, 15 years before we know how to grow it in large areas – although, we had the same feeling about isolating graphene 10 years [or so] ago and the progress since then has been really enormous,” Novoselov says.

In pursuit of its potential, the British government has funded two flagship graphene research centres to the tune of £121 million ($260 million) at the University of Manchester, where Novoselov and Geim are based.

Among the growing list of companies partnering with the centres are Samsung, Sharp, Huawei, Lockheed Martin, Rolls-Royce, GlaxoSmithKline, Siemens and Dyson.

But it’s Asia, home of consumer electronics manufacturing, and with most of the world’s graphite deposits in China, that is tipped to drive growth. A recent report put the Chinese graphene market at about $6.4 million, with compound annual growth at 95 per cent annually to 2020.

Some companies already dabbling: Samsung claims it has made longer-lasting batteries with graphene components, while a few Chinese companies are marketing smartphones with graphene touchscreens. It’s also being used in lightweight tennis racquets, and a University of Manchester spinout says it will be selling energy efficient graphene light bulbs soon.

But Novoselov isn’t moved by mere gadgets, or improving things we already make. He’s interested in making completely new things that only graphene or its composites make possible.

“Applications in bio- and life-science are the most interesting and most promising,” he says.

“We’re definitely going to see more and more nanomedicines being used, whether it’s sensors or drug delivery or artificial tissues.”

Because graphene can be made porous at the molecular level, it is set to have new applications in filtration processes and protective coatings. Think clean air and water like never before; houses that don’t corrode; packaging that preserves food much longer.

Australia is jostling for its position on this new frontier, with scientists countrywide researching applications for the material, and new explorations for graphite deposits.

The University of Adelaide has a graphene research group, and this week Monash University both opened a dedicated research centre and sponsored an international conference in Lorne, Victoria attracting some 250 graphene experts frome home and abroad, including Novoselov.

An Australian National University spinout, 2Dfab Innovations, is producing and exploring the uses of graphene in wearable technologies.

Novoselov can’t stress enough the importance of training in these new materials; for example, not just training today’s electrical engineers in how to work with silicon.

“The point is that it’s technology, and technology evolves,” he says.

“The only way you can compete is to maintain a healthy level of science in the country and then there is a good chance the next best technologies are going to be produced here.”

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The wine wars: Is cheap wine too cheap?

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The government’s tax review will determine whether rebates given to the wine industry should be allowed to continue. Photo: Jessica ShapiroWine Equalisation Tax rebate: a rort?

The wine industry is at war with itself. In one corner are the mass producers of lower end table wines that led a cheap Australian charge on the world stage.

In the other, are the top end producers seeking to carve out a premium niche with the attendant price.

Passions run hot on both side sides as there are big dollars at stake and it will fall to the federal government to referee the stoush.

Bruce Tyrrell, a well-known Hunter Valley figure who is a fourth generation member of one Australia’s first families of wine, sums up the federal government’s choice on the wine tax debate pithily: “it would be a very brave government that would say, ‘I am going make cask wine more expensive and Grange cheaper’.”

He may well be right, but his views represent just one side of a debate that’s divided the industry.

The central issue is tax, although it collides with numerous others including the role of government support for an export industry worth $1.8 billion and employing more than 16,000 people across more than 2000 businesses as well as the basic economics of a massive supply glut that has put strain on all players. A divided industry

FARE believes any revenue gained by taxing wine based on volume should go back into drug and alcohol education programs.

The key, and hotly contested, question is whether wine should be taxed at a flat rate based on volume, rather than as a portion of its wholesale price?

This question pits lower-cost wine producers – who prefer paying a lower rate – against the premium-brand producers – who want the mass producers taxed harder.

In a market where 65 per cent of the wine bought in bottles retailed for less than $8, this is a fundamental question.

To demonstrate the depth of the split consider that Accolade Wines – which markets itself as the “world’s leading provider of new-world premium, commercial and value wines” (brands include Hardys and Jack Rabbit)and Wine Grape Growers Australia, which represent more than half of the nation’s 6200 grape growers, want the status quo. They’ve also got Cider Australia (which says that cider, as a fruit wine, should be taxed in the same manner as grape wine) in their corner.

They face off against the country’s biggest wine company Treasury Wine Estates (TWE). Its big brands include Penfolds, Wolf Blass, Rosemount Estate and Lindemans.

TWE is joined by the other big premium brand winemaker, Pernod Ricard Winemakers, which heads the Jacob’s Creek, Wyndham Estate, and Orlando Wines brands.

Another advocate for change to wine taxing arrangements is the Foundation for Alcohol Research and Education (FARE), although its position somewhat differs from the wine companies. FARE believes any revenue gained by taxing wine based on volume, and ending industry rebates, should go back into drug and alcohol education programs. The wine companies say it should go to helping the struggling industry compete in the export market. Cheap wine gets taxed less

Currently, cheap wine gets taxed less than more expensive wine.

This Wine Equalisation Tax (WET) is a tax based on the value of wine and other fruit-based alcohol products, and applied regardless of the amount of alcohol in the product.

All other alcohol products like beer and spirits are taxed on a volumetric basis, with the amount of tax paid determined by the volume of alcohol within the product and the category of alcohol (for example full-strength packaged beer is taxed differently to spirits).

The tax paid per standard drink on a $13 cask of wine is 5¢. Compare that to bottled wine, which is taxed at 15¢ for a $15 bottle of wine, and almost $1 for a $50 bottle of wine.

Pernod Ricard says that for wines retailing at $12, Australia’s rate is more than 40 times higher than France, seven times higher than South Africa and almost five times higher than the United States.

It argues that a change, that would see margins squeezed for some players, would help solve the glut.

“It will have a real impact on forcing uneconomic producers to change their business model or leave the industry,” its submission to the tax white paper says.

Its submission suggests transitional support, and restructuring assistance, to help to winemakers and growers that want out.

Pernod Ricard estimates that at the proposed volume-based rate of $2.20 per litre of wine, the price of cask wine would rise on average by $1.70 a litre.

Such a rate would “not substantially” impact the price of wines sold between $6 and $15 a bottle, but it would stimulate production of premium wines retailing for $15 a bottle or more. Communities would be ‘decimated’

Managing director of Casella Family Brands (behind the Yellow Tail brand), John Casella. Photo: James Brickwood

Overall this would be “revenue neutral” for the government, it says, and will improve the image of Australian wines “damaged by an influx of cheap wine”.

Industry veteran Brian Croser is deputy chairman of Wine Australia, the government body responsible for helping grow the Australian wine market. But he spoke to Fairfax Media in a personal capacity, as the man behind the family wine companies, Petaluma and Tapanappa located in South Australia’s Piccadilly Valley. He says wine has always, and should always, get preferential tax treatment and he hates the idea of volumetric tax.

“A volume-based tax would decimate those communities in the Riverland and MIA,” he says, referring to the Murrumbidgee Irrigation Area in NSW.

Managing director of Casella Family Brands (behind the Yellow Tail brand), John Casella, also believes the issue has been exaggerated.

He says TWE and Pernod Ricard’s argument is that “wine needs to be expensive or no-one will buy it”.

“I mean please, what nonsense,” Casella says.

“If we want people to stop buying Corollas and instead buy Lexus, do we change the laws or do we change the way we market Corollas better? If industry wants people to drink better wine, it should promote it. I cannot believe the time that’s been wasted on this whole tax debate when we should be focusing on selling ourselves and our products to our customers and consumers overseas.”

But the chief winemaker for Jacob’s Creek, Ben Bryant, says the tax system is hurting its ability to do so. “​You have a tax structure that favours cheap wine… Unless you complement marketing with a fair tax system, you are not going to address these structural issues.” The end of an industry?​

South Australian Liberal Senator Sean Edwards. Photo: Daniel Munoz

Accolade’s submission by its chief executive John Ratcliffe suggests that an increase on the tax on wine “risks devastating the wine industry”.

He says four out of five bottles and casks of wine will increase in price if the federal government imposes a volumetric tax on the industry. “We would expect demand for [affordable] wines to fall dramatically given likely price rises – with significant negative economic impacts in regional Australia, particularly the River Murray related wine producing regions of South Australia, Victoria and New South Wales,” Ratcliffe says.

“The scale of the impacts in those regions would be similar in economic and social outcomes to the restructure of the car industry, with the additional drawback that regional residents have fewer employment options, forcing many to choose between unemployment and leaving the region to find employment, further damaging the already straining fabric of rural communities.”

The greatest impact of increasing the price of cheaper wine will be on pensioners and other battlers who would be forced to give up one of “life’s little luxuries”.

The Winemakers’ Federation of Australia – the national industry body for Australia’s winemakers – has chosen to stay silent (given its members are from both sides of the debate). Its chief executive Paul Evans told Fairfax Media it was a very “divisive” issue.

Wine Grape Growers Australia says that lifting the price of one type of alcohol is more likely to lead to a switch to the next available substitute rather than a reduction in consumption.

The major drivers of cheap wine isn’t tax, its submission says, but rather, retailer market power and promotions. It says the government needs to deal with such issues separately.

“A volumetric tax on wine would be regressive and discriminate against older and generally poorer consumers who would be most affected by the price increase, whereas consumers of luxury wines, generally wealthier, would make gains through price reductions,” it says.

Tyrrell says: “I see no reason why pensioners, who may have a glass of wine a day …should be hit.”

South Australian Liberal Senator Sean Edwards – himself a winemaker in the Clare Valley – says changing the way wine gets taxed is a “big benefit to multinationals and beer distributors” but not to “wine makers and Australian grape growers”.

He says those advocating for change to the way wine gets taxed “are just wage earners”.

“They don’t have family businesses which are generations old,” he says. “I hear the word rationalisation in this conversation all the time – but what does that mean in practice? It means receivers and managers get appointed … it means there is going to be a loss of assets for the industry. … How long before we have no vineyards left because of this rationalisation that the industry is talking about?​” The social consequences

In 2013-14, the Government raised $5.1 billion in alcohol tax revenue. Photo: Michele Mossop

The Australia Institute modelling shows that if wine were taxed in the same way as beer, an extra $1.4 billion in tax revenue could be raised each year.

The potential gain is measured both in terms of extra tax revenue, as well as social benefits that can be realised by reducing alcohol-related harm.

The 2010 Henry tax review – which had recommended a volumetric tax rate be applied to alcoholic beverages including wine – argued that it would raise the price of cheap wine, and thereby reduce the costs associated with alcohol abuse.

The Foundation for Alcohol Research and Education (FARE) submission says that the “current alcohol taxation system is illogical, incoherent and does not adequately recognise the extent of harms that result from the consumption of alcohol in Australia”.

It says the WET has contributed to wine being the cheapest form of alcohol available for sale, with some wine in Australia being sold for as little as 24 cents per standard drink and the majority of bottled wine (about 65 per cent) being sold for under $8.00.

“There is strong evidence to demonstrate that the lower the price of alcohol, the higher the levels of consumption,” its submission says. “The WET must move to a volumetric tax rate as a matter of urgency.”

In 2013-14, the Government raised $5.1 billion in alcohol tax revenue (via the tax on beer, spirits and other excisable beverages).

This is despite the economic impact of alcohol on the Australian community costing $14.3 billion, according to the FARE submission, which cites Marsden Jacobs Associates (MJA) research. That research found the total costs of alcohol harm in Australia would be easily in excess of $15 billion per year.

FARE says the alcohol industry has been quick to innovate and “take advantage of the perverse incentives offered by the current taxation arrangements”.

It says spirit-like products such as TriVoski or Divas Vodkat are examples of products that are produced to imitate Vodka, but are actually ‘wine-based.’

“Because these products are taxed under the WET and not at the higher spirits rate, they are able to be taxed as wine and sold at cheap prices,” FARE says. For example, a 750ml bottle of TriVoski containing 13 standard drinks can be purchased for $9.95, equating to 77 cents per standard drink. The cost to the consumer

‘Australians will be economically better off’, says FARE’s Michael Thorn.

FARE chief executive, Michael Thorn, says the WET is corporate welfare at its worst.

“It simply beggars belief that ordinary Australians continue to foot the bill for the significant health and social costs of alcohol, while the majority of wine producers are profiting from favourable tax arrangements that encourage production of cheap alcohol that we know is targeted at, and consumed by problem drinkers,” he says.

Thorn says the price increase for pensioners will be so minuscule that it will not make a difference.

“The vast majority of Australians will be economically better off by taxing wine in a similar way to the way we tax draught beer,” he says.

FARE cites research by Allen Consulting that shows that if the WET is removed and replaced with a volumetric tax rate of $13.03 per litre of alcohol, it would result in an increase in the price of cask wine of 24.7 per cent and a decrease in the price of premium wine of 3.9 per cent.

The research estimates the change would decrease consumption of cask wine by 26.2 per cent or 6.98 million litres of pure alcohol.

However, there would be a 5.1 per cent increase in premium wine consumption, equivalent to 2.2 million litres of pure alcohol, and a substitution towards premium wine from other alcohol types by 1.8 per cent or 0.23 million litres of alcohol.

Total alcohol consumption would drop though, by 2.6 per cent or 4.9 million litres of pure alcohol.

Accolade and Wine Grape Growers Australia says while overall consumption may fall, price rises of one product will not stop binge drinking. Both submissions rightfully argue that those determined to drink will simply move to another product.

Accolade says that education and targeted programs about responsible drinking would be a better response. Tough choices

Bruce Tyrrell sees ‘no reason why pensioners, who may have a glass of wine a day …should be hit.’ Photo: Emma-Jane Pitsch

With wine consumption in Australia already at a 50-year lows, the impact of such drastic change to a tax system that the industry has so long relied on, will be devastating for some players.

As various submissions to the tax white paper noted, wine grape prices have halved over the past 15 years. And the size of the industry has shrunk in value by almost 25 per cent between 2003 and 2012.

In 2014, 84 per cent of Australian wine grapes were produced at a loss. Exports, while improving in some core markets such as China, overall remain subdued.

That leaves a conundrum for the government. Do they kill part of the industry to benefit another? Do they do more damage than good by meddling with the tax system?

Pernod Ricard says “tough choices need to be made if Australia’s wine industry is to achieve its full potential”.

But Tyrrell says if the government changes the system that generations of winemakers have relied it, it will not only destroy them, but local tourism.

“There are 3 million tourists driven to the Hunter Valley every year,” he says. “The small wine makers are an incredibly important part of that. It’s very easy to be pragmatic sitting in an office in Melbourne, but look at the country towns that are growing- they all have a tourism aspect to them. We’ve got to be careful we don’t take that away.”

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Victoria’s deadly dealings with guns: A shooting every nine days

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Police at a house in East Bentleigh where a man was shot on October 30. Photo: Joe ArmaoMan fighting for his life after shooting in city’s west

A person has been injured or killed by gunfire on average every nine days in Victoria so far this year.

Almost one in three shootings resulting in death and injury over the past 10 months  were concentrated in a small pocket in Melbourne’s outer north, a Fairfax analysis found.

October has been  the worst month for gun violence this year, with 11 incidents, including the ambush of a man who was gunned down in Bentleigh East on Friday morning and a man shot after a fight in the city’s west late on Friday night.

At least half of the eight fatal shootings this year were drug-related, the victims suspected or convicted traffickers, or  associated with some of Melbourne’s most notorious criminal networks.

The month’s violence came to a head this week, as police guarded the Bentleigh East victim in hospital  and a man slain in a drive-by attack on Tuesday was mourned by his family.

Rachad Adra, 54, was killed in a drive-by attack on his Thomastown home, and his family continued the traditional Muslim three-day mourning period of Azza on Friday.

The father of three had been sleeping with his youngest son, four-year-old Kareem, when at least six shots ripped through two rooms of their brick home, fatally wounding him and leaving the boy in a serious condition.

Police are investigating whether his older sons, who work in the family’s heating and cooling business, were the intended targets of the shooting.

The deadly shooting occurred in a triangle about 20 kilometres north of the city, which has Roxburgh Park at its northern point, Broadmeadows to the west and Thomastown to the east, and has been plagued by gun violence this year.

The triangle is part of the so-called Red Zone in Melbourne’s north-west, which Fairfax revealed this year had recorded unprecedented levels of firearm seizures.

The latest shooting, the 38th this year resulting in death or injury, was in a far quieter area for gun crime – Melbourne’s south-east.

A 21-year-old was shot in the chest during an ambush by three men who followed him home early on Friday. Paramedics were called to the South Road, Bentleigh East house about 6.30am.

Inspector Bernie Edwards said police believed three men in a light-coloured sedan followed the young man to his family’s home, before one got out of the car and opened fire.

The man’s family was “understandably distressed”, while neighbours were concerned by the incident, Inspector Edwards said.

“But there’s no reason for [neighbours] to be concerned at this stage,” he said.

One of them, Selena Fang, said her parents-in-law heard up to six gunshots and then silence.

Ms Fang said she hoped the attack had not been random. “I’ve got a two-month-old baby, it’s very scary,” she said.

The Andrews government moved this week to speed up proposed changes to firearm trafficking laws, amid fears the state was awash with guns that were easily traded and increasingly being used by low-level criminals for protection.

But Crime Statistics Agency figures show that the rate of crimes against the person involving firearms has been relatively steady since 2011.

In the year to June, 2015, handguns were the gun most used by offenders, and were used more than twice as often as shotguns, the next most popular firearm.

The rate of stolen firearms is also steady, but rural properties and gun shops are still considered vulnerable by police; a sports store was burgled in Seymour on Monday, with several firearms stolen. The store owner declined to comment.

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Bigger and scarier than ever – WA gears up for Halloween

Written by admin on 19/08/2019 Categories: 南京夜网

This witchy trio are all ready for the big night. Photo: Perth Zoo6PR’s Rod Tiley led the charge of those dead-set against Halloween celebrations this year.
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On the radio station’s Weekend Wake-up he raged against increasingly popular excuse to dress up and party.

“It’s an American tradition, not Australian, and its all about commercialism anyway,” he said.

Co-host Sue McDougall battled in favour of spooky fun for kids however a quick poll of callers saw a slim majority in favour of party pooper Rod.

But a quick look online shows that Rod and the anti-Halloween mob are fighting a losing battle.

There are kids parties everywhere – and the pubs and clubs are full of ghosts and ghouls too.

Even Perth Zoo is getting in on the action with “Boo at the Zoo” – a busy night combining a monster mash disco, ghost trains and special prizes for the best dressed little monsters.

Among the other big parties are Adventure World’s Fright Night, while crowds of witches and wizards are expected at Ocean keys in Clarkson.

Meanwhile there will be a series of Freaky Friday parties on Saturday afternoon at The Park Centre in Victoria Park, and Melville Plaza.

Or kids can go “trick or treating” at IKEA or Bunnings.

There’s a big Halloween party organised for The Grove in Peppermint Grove while plenty of screams and creepy campfire stories are on offer at Whiteman Park.

Candy Skull horses will take you on a creepy candy wagon tour around Aveley.

​There’ll be plenty of spooks in Hyde Park and at the Artspace in Scarborough.

In fact there’s not a suburb in the state that doesn’t seem to have something organised – and that’s not counting the thousands of kids who will be streaming around the streets trick or treating as soon as darkness falls.

Lock your door Rod – the spooks are coming to get you.

Follow WAtoday on Twitter @WAtoday

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Bill Shorten thinks young Australians should vote, but do they?

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Opposition Leader Bill Shorten wants to boost interest in politics among young Australians. Photo: Alex Ellinghausen Hannah Thomas, 16, is against lowering the voting age. Photo: Supplied
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Opposition Leader Bill Shorten might think she should have the right to vote but Hannah Thomas, 16, isn’t convinced.

“I’m against it, really. We’re not quite mature enough,” said the Caulfield Grammar student.

“Some 16-year-olds would have a fair understanding about all the politics and what Australia needs, I guess, but there are also lots that have no idea.”

Mr Shorten’s proposal to lower the voting age to 16 or 17 is aimed at galvanising interest in politics among young Australians. However, Ms Thomas said lack of knowledge – not just interest – was the main challenge.

“We’re pretty much isolated in our schools at that age and don’t quite understand the full outside world,” she said.

“I did a semester of legal studies, so I’ve learnt partial amounts of stuff about Parliament and my dad’s all for politics, so he likes to talk about it, but you can’t really say you always understand what he’s talking about.”

However, Ms Thomas’ friend, Miles Donnellan, disagrees. He thinks it’s about time Australia’s younger generations had their say.

“The youths of Australia are going to be the future leaders,” the 16-year-old said.

“And if we can have a say in which political leaders we see fit and are best for the future, we can sort of dictate how the future will be for when we’re running it.”

His hope is that expanding the vote to a younger demographic will help to persuade the government to be more open-minded, particularly on issues such as same-sex marriage.

As for the question of maturity, Mr Donnellan suggested Australia’s compulsory voting policy be relaxed for under 18s so those who don’t feel ready to vote won’t have to. However, he believes giving young Australians the opportunity to vote will motivate them to engage more with politics.

“Some 16-year-olds aren’t interested because they think, ‘I don’t have the option [to vote] anyway, so it doesn’t matter.’

“But if they’re presented the option some would definitely become interested because they think, ‘That matters to me now and I care about the future of Australia’,” Mr Donnellan said.

Besides, he points out, neither interest nor knowledge are prerequisites for the 16.3 million Australians currently eligible to vote.

“There are definitely adults who don’t really care who gets into government and who doesn’t.”

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Former quick Ryan Harris says Gabba must remain key part of Test summer

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Happy hunting ground: Ryan Harris snares a Shield wicket at the Gabba. Photo: Bradley KanarisFormer Australian fast bowler Ryan Harris says it would be shattering to see an Australian summer pass by without a Gabba Test, while also taking a shot at the lifeless pitches being served up around the country.
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The Black Caps land in Brisbane on Sunday before the opening Test of the summer and the quality of wickets will be a major talking point after their tour match in Blacktown was called off because of a crumbling surface.

That arid mess remains a far cry from what they will encounter at the Gabba from Thursday, with groundsman Kev Mitchell jnr on track to serve up the kind of celebrated strip that has become one of the best in Test cricket and a favourite hunting ground for the Australians.

The Kiwis won’t mind it either, with Tim Southee and Trent Boult certain to enjoy the pace, bounce and swing in the Queensland capital, which will have juiced up the surface even more courtesy of regular showers over the past seven days.

Brisbane has been the traditional starting point for the Australian summer and the home side can’t see any reason to change up the schedule, given their most recent loss there was against the mighty West Indies back in 1988.

But mounting commercial interests and the shift to bigger and brighter stadiums means the fixture is hardly certain in the mid-to-long term, particularly in the advent of a four-Test summer.

A new stadium in Perth will host feature Tests there on a drop-in pitch instead of the WACA Ground, with another drop-in used at the redeveloped Adelaide Oval. Both venues share with the AFL, as does the Gabba, although the Gabba Trust refuses to dig up the wicket.

With Melbourne and Sydney guaranteed Tests, it could leave the country’s most advantageous pitch to the Australians to do little but grow grass in the summer as new, more expansive venues get the biggest fish.

Harris said Australian players relished the chance to start the summer in Brisbane and any summer without a Test there would put a rebuilding home side on the back foot from day one.

“It’s disappointing. That’s why we start here at the Gabba. To have this wicket with the bounce, it’s unique against the touring sides. They’re just not used to it. There’s just not many warm-up games where you can try to get used to that,” Harris said.

“To lose that it’s a disadvantage for us as an Australian cricket team. That was the thing … each ground in Australia had different characteristics. We’ve already seen the Adelaide Oval … that’s gone. I think it will eventually get there. And even Sydney to an extent … it still spins but the wickets they’ve rolled out in recent years have been reasonably flat.

“To have the Gabba … it’s crucial to keep it. But they may not. It’s as simple as that.”

Harris would bow out on Australian soil by bending his back in four Tests against the Indians last summer, saying the lack of assistance at many of the venues made it even harder work for a man that already played through the pain barrier.

“It would be shattering (to see the Gabba omitted). The wickets we played on in my last series, that was India, the wickets we played on were horrible,” Harris said.

“It’s hard work playing Test cricket. But to go through games and get on wickets that are so flat …. Melbourne is not as bad now … it’s tough.

“As a quick bowler, against England we had good, hard bouncy Test wickets. It suited us. We’re at home so it should suit us. They do the same over there and they beat us. Not having them in the summer would be a massive disadvantage.”

The Gabba will be redeveloped as part of a 20-year ‘Masterplan’ and has been placed under pressure to keep up with interstate rivals in terms of comfort, access and in-ground technology.

But despite the trend to bring in the backhoes in multi-use venues (the ground is also home to the AFL’s Brisbane Lions) Gabba custodians are bucking the trend, meaning the pitch is there to stay.

It might yet be the jewel in the crown as Australian Test wickets battle to regain the sort of trait that made each an influential character in their own right.

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Mitchell Starc says bowlers not carrying weight of nation in Test series

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Australian fast bowler Mitchell Starc refused to concede Australia’s hopes of winning the series against New Zealand will fall upon the shoulders of the team’s bowling attack after selectors named an inexperienced top-order for Thursday’s opening Test.
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After the retirements of Michael Clarke, Shane Watson, Brad Haddin and Chris Rogers the selectors named Joe Burns (2 Tests/average 36.50), Usman Khawaja (9/25.13), Adam Voges 7/46), Mitchell Marsh (7/28.18), Peter Nevill (4/23.83) to join David Warner (43/46.78) and Steve Smith (33/56.27) to take on the Kiwis in Brisbane.

Australia’s bowlers are hardened veterans by comparison with Starc boasting (22 Tests/average 31.80), Mitchell Johnson (71/27.94) Nathan Lyon (46/34.09), Josh Hazlewood (9/21.75) and Peter Siddle (57/29.87).

However Starc, who started the summer in phenomenal form with 34 wickets for 301 runs from just six one-dayers and a Sheffield Shield match, said the bowling attack wouldn’t feel as though they’re carrying the weight of the nation.

“Anyone named in the 12 deserves their selection,” said the 25-year-old. “Things aren’t going to change for us bowlers. We’re going to talk about hitting New Zealand hard and worrying more about ourselves and what we need to do to perform at our best.

“We’ve always worked hard and as a partnership we need to do that again and we need to do it at our best. Regardless of who is in Australia’s bowling group, that [approach] will continue to be the same.”

Starc said the bowlers had channelled the “one for all, all for one” approach of former national team attacks by fostering the kind of brotherhood that existed when the attack under Steve Waugh was known as the “Fast Bowler’s Cartel”.

“I don’t think it’s changed since the days of Glenn McGrath, Brett Lee, Jason Gillespie and the boys,” he said. “We spend a lot of time around each other; we’re great mates on-and-off the field and while we’re on different sides of Australia there’s always text messages back and forth to see how the group is going.”

Despite painful spurs in his ankle Starc has been the standout player in the domestic matches and, while he is tired of talking about why he hasn’t yet matched his one-day exploits in the Test arena, pinpointed the reason for his electrifying form.

“From just playing cricket,” said Starc. “There’s been times in the past where I’ve spent time off the field so it’s nice to be playing for extended periods whether it’s with the white ball, red ball or, this week, the pink ball.

“I’ve never been a fan of resting or taking extended breaks because there’s only so much you can learn, or work on, in the nets. It’s nice to have a lengthy period of continuous cricket and, I guess, performing well enough to warrant selection.

“People ask about the white ball and red ball but it’s not so much the ball, it’s the tactics that come into play. When you have 10 overs or four overs with the white ball you can come in hard and attack a little more.

“The consistency comes into play with that red ball in longer formats that’s evaded me in the past and while it’s something that’s improved – it’s come along in leaps and bounds – I have a long way to go.

“I can definitely take some confidence out of some good performances in domestic cricket. It’s now a matter of me taking those performances into international cricket and having the consistency that’s needed to bowl good games back-to-back.”

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‘Hugh Bowman is the ultimate horseman’

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In top form: Hugh Bowman after riding Winx to a win in the Cox Plate Photo: Vince CaligiuriPhantom call: the greatest Melbourne Cup horses
Nanjing Night Net

Boots and saddles are the most important thing to champion jockey Hugh Bowman. A horseman is nothing without the tools of his trade and Bowman is the ultimate horseman.

Gear to him is personal. He takes time to make sure he has the best in quality and technology.

“All my feel to the horse is through my hands and my feet. So I like my boots really snug and I get them made in England,” Bowman said.

“To me it is so important to have them really good and then the saddle, it has to sit really nice on the horse, so I can balance right. [The saddle] has to be like a comfy chair, it has to fit right to the horse and if it is comfortable then it helps you.”

It led Bowman to Peter Horobin Saddlery in Mornington in the build-up to the Melbourne Cup, where he rides Preferment on Tuesday. The stride-free saddle is a change Bowman feels gives him an edge.

The horseman and saddler worked at the craft of making a saddle for a couple of hours. How it sits and what they want it to achieve. A good saddle doesn’t make a horse go faster but it doesn’t restrict it.

Horobin has studied what the saddle does, and how it can affect a horse.

“I started getting saddles from all over the world and ripping them apart to understand the trees in them. I redesigned the whole tree itself and we notice the horse was more comfortable and moving better,” Horobin said.

“Imagine if a horse losing five mils with every stride over two miles. It makes a difference. Every little bit counts at the winning post.”

When Horobin talks of trees, it not of the leaves and roots variety. It is the framework of the saddle that hasn’t changed for hundreds of years until his new design.

“Trees have sharp points and can stick into the horse. We want to take that away,” Horobin said. “The saddle sits high on the back and the points when a jockey puts his weight forward can dig into the trapezius muscle, which is the shoulder muscle where the power comes from.

“The tree is the main part, it is the framework of the saddle. From there we build on it like a chassis of a race car. If the chassis handles the track well in a racecar the car performs better and it is the same thing with the saddle and the horse.

“If there are excessive pressure points it can restrict the muscle movement of the horse and its ability to perform its best.”

The jockey and saddler grab different saddles and place them on a mould of a horse’s back. They discuss how the saddle is attached to the horse and where it is attached.

Bowman is particular. He has sourced his own crocodile skin for his new set of saddles. It has come from a farm, Hermes uses for its handbags.

Why? “It looks good,” Bowman said after discussing how the saddle performs. In a world where a couple of ticks on the scale can prove crucial, Horobin points out the skin is heavy.

“You know it is heavier but it looks good and feels great,” Horobin said with the skin in his hands.

He knows his horseman, he knows what works and his stride-free saddle is changing the world. It has become the most popular saddle in France and around Europe

One time Horobin was explaining how his saddles work to someone in Europe, who just got up and walked away. In minutes he was back with a group of his saddles and dumped them in the bin.

It makes sense to horsemen. It makes sense to anyone.

“You need to be comfortable on the horse. And certainly where the saddle sits and how [it] moulds to the horse is very important,” Bowman said.

“Next time you get in the car put the seat right forward or right back and drive, if it is not comfortable you will change it. You want to be comfortable. It is even more important on the horse.”

Also important in racing is winning and Bowman got his first stride-free saddle a couple of months ago and the results were immediate.

“The first four rides in the saddle I won,” Bowman said. “I don’t read into those things but you certainly don’t want to get new gear and have no luck at all for a while.

“They are still taking time to break in [these saddles] but they feel really good on a horse. I have no doubt there is something in what Peter says and talking with him you understand it more.”

Bowman will grab his stride-free saddle on Tuesday when Preferment attempts to give him a Melbourne Cup to go with the Cox Plate from Winx last week.

There is a confidence from Bowman about Preferment, which he won the Hill Stakes and Turnbull Stakes on before it finished down the track in the Cox Plate.

“I was on him a long way out but I wasn’t really secured until after he won the Turnbull [Stakes],” Bowman said. “It is not something that happens that often. When I rode him at Randwick [in his Hill Stakes win] I knew I wanted to be on him. I knew he was my Cup horse.

“He is the right type of horse for the race. He has got the right weight, the right pedigree. The stable is in form and the horse looks amazing.”

The ultimate racing guide with the latest information on fields, form, tips, market fluctuations and odds, available on mobile, tablet and desktop.

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Police warn of stranger danger this Halloween

Written by admin on 19/07/2019 Categories: 南京夜网

POLICE warned parents and children of stranger danger this Halloween.

In a statement on social media on Friday, Tasmania Police said while Halloween was fun for everyone, it was important to keep a close eye on minors.

“Mums and dads please, do not let your little ghosts and ghouls go out trick or treating by themselves,” police said.

“Little goblins and gremlins please do not enter any strangers’ houses regardless of the treats offered.”

Police have reminded kids to be mindful of any suspicious behaviour over the weekend.

“Please pay attention to your surroundings; stay in well lit, well known areas. Do not go off the beaten track by yourselves. Stay in groups together.

“Remember that not everyone participates in Halloween activities and some of your neighbours may have signs on their doors. Look before you knock; and always check with your responsible Witch or Munster before you proceed.”

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War cemetery to bloom with new roses

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War cemetery to bloom with new roses After viewing the upgrade, Wayne Pasche said the rose beds were still a work in progress.

Councillors Leon Stephens and Mick Hopgood are eager to see new roses at the Port Pirie war cemetery in full bloom

TweetFacebookThe Recorderspoke to Wayne Pasche about the dishevelled state of the rose beds where his parents were.

Ninety roses have been planted across two rose beds with drip lines to ensure the flowers will remain vibrant.

“Hopefully we get something out of this season, but they’ll definitely look good next season,” said parks and recreation supervisor Allan Henderson.

Councillor Mick Hopgood saidthe timing was fitting as it coincided with the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II as well as marking 100 years since the Gallipoli landing.

“There is 45 roses in either flower bed, which symbolises 1945 – the year that World War II ended,” Cr Hopgood said.

Wayne Pasche, on viewing the upgrade said, “It’s still a work in progress. When the roses are blooming it will look a lot better.”

“I appreciate the effort,” he said.

“My mother was a great gardener and she would appreciate a well-kept garden to represent her grave.”

Council’s infrastructure director, Kathryn Johnson, said they recognised the importance of maintaining cemeteries to a high standard to meet community expectations.

“Works are continuing to maintain our cemeteries as a place of respect and reflection,” she said.

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Weather favours the show

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Resting: Having a break while competing in the Warrnambool Romney Shears competition are Floyd Neil, Jamie Bryant, David Buick and Dean Ball. Trying their luck: Isabella Robertson, and Sommer and Holly Jones, all of Mortlake try their luck at Pluck a Duck.

THE storm passed and the sunshine returned to attract good crowds to the Warrnambool Show on the weekend.

Clare Price in action.

An early Saturday morning downpour dropped up to 25 millimetres of long-awaitedrain in areas surrounding Warrnambool and put smiles on the faces of many of the farmers in the show crowd.

Placing: Jack Beaton and Jacob Scott, from Cobrico Holsteins, with their cow that won second place in the two years interbreed section.

Apart from the fine weather, the scrapping of admission fees for primary school children also brought more families through the gate.

The show committee this year called for the Warrnambool community to show its support for the event and reverse declining attendances and committee member Alistair Ross was hopeful that had occurred.

Clobbered: Mia Delaney, of Mortlake, clobbers her dad Leigh with the inflatable baseball bat she won at a show attraction.

Mother ofsix young children,Mandy Speed of Warrnambool, said the scrapping of admission fees was much appreciated by her family, who enjoyed the show rides and dagwood dogs.

The show is a lively blendof entertainment and agriculture with the Warrnambool Romney Shears competitiondrawing together both thoseelements with its fast-paced action.

Ready to shake: Amber Couch, of Nirranda,and Lars Wignell, of Warrnambool prepare themselves for a lot of shaking on the Break Dance ride.

The competition, the biggest in the state apart from the state final, drew more than 100 competitors from throughout Australia and New Zealand, with the regular Aussies vKiwi battle again drawing strong interest.

Among those in the crowd were Melbourne mother Sonia Faukhauser and her two-year old son Harrison.

Ms Faukhauser said she grew up on a farm and she loved introducing her son to farm animals.

On parade: Krystal Blackmore, 5, of Hawkesdale, leads Aryshire calf ‘Dempsey Rose’ in the junior interbreed competition. Pictures: Everard Himmelreich

She said Harrison had been fascinated by the shearing.

Equestrian events at this year’s show were also well supported with about 400 riders competing over four days of events.

Equestrian event spokeswoman Julie Houlihan said competitor numbers were the best for a number of years.

Mrs Houlihan saidthe good numbers were likely to be due to many locals responding to the show’s call for support this year.

She said the 10am start this year for events on Friday and Saturday had also probably helped attract competitors from further afield.

Among those competing in the dairy cattle events on Saturday were Donna Edge of Carpendeit and her 15 year-old-daughter Cally O’Shannassy.

Ms Edge said she had shown cattle as a teenager and was pleased her daughter was continuing the family tradition.

She said showing cattle not only taught young people the proper treatment ofcattle, but was also great fellowship for them.

Saturday night wasa show highlight with a“Light the Night” walk at theshowgroundsto raise funds for the Leukemia Foundationand fireworks.

Weather favours the show Cally O’Shanessy and her mother Donna Edge of Carpendeit with one of the dairy cows they showed at the Warrnambool Show.

Keelie Sheppherd of Warrnambool with her bird that won the champion junior ribbon in the poultry section.

Kelvin Boyle with the 1953 Bedford truck he restored and exhibited at the Warrnambool show.

Erica Cole, on Ashtan Park Taylor Made, one of about 400 competitiors in the show’s equestrian events.

Amber Couch, of Nirranda, and Lars Wignell, of Warrnambool, get ready to shake on the Break Dance ride.

Isabella Robertson, and Sommer and Holly Jones, all of Mortlake, try their luck at Pluck a Duck.

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Eden Whale Festival 2015 off to a warm startPhotos

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Eden Whale Festival 2015 off to a warm start | Photos Pindy Hoskins, Kodah Duarantie and Bruce Thomas are all smiles at the 2015 Eden Whale Festival on Saturday.

The National Parks and Wildlife Service’s “Walking Whales” were a hit with the crowd during this year’s Eden Motor Group Street Parade as part of the 2015 Eden Whale Festival.

Hanz the Juggling Chef takes centre stage on Saturday.

Spectators lined Imlay Street for a view of the Eden Motor Group Street Parade on Saturday morning.

Spectators lined Imlay Street for a view of the Eden Motor Group Street Parade on Saturday morning.

Tahlia and Kerrie Colarusso from Morwell at the 2015 Eden Whale Festival.

Eden’s Connor Beck gets into the Halloween spirit on Saturday.

Morrie Lynch, Jim Morris and Jon Gaul at the Eden Whale Festival on Saturday.

Eden’s David and Lorraine Squires take time out for a drink during the 2015 Eden Whale Festival.

National Parks and Wildlife Service’s Amy Harris and Barbara Allgaier and the “Discovery Booth” at the 2015 Eden Whale Festival on Saturday.

Spectators lined Imlay Street for a view of the Eden Motor Group Street Parade on Saturday morning.

Spectators lined Imlay Street for a view of the Eden Motor Group Street Parade on Saturday morning.

Spectators lined Imlay Street for a view of the Eden Motor Group Street Parade on Saturday morning.

Jon Billett and AJ Wiltshire from the Canberra Sea Shepherd chapter.

Jill Jarvis, Shirley McCamish and Sandra Symonds celebrate Halloween on Saturday.

Shoppers have a look over the selection at the Oyster Farmers of the Sapphire Coast stall.

Spectators lined Imlay Street for a view of the Eden Motor Group Street Parade on Saturday morning.

Spectators lined Imlay Street for a view of the Eden Motor Group Street Parade on Saturday morning.

Spectators lined Imlay Street for a view of the Eden Motor Group Street Parade on Saturday morning.

The Eden Area Gymnastics group put on a show for all at the 2015 Eden Whale Festival.

Hanz the Juggling Chef takes centre stage on Saturday.

Hanz the Juggling Chef takes centre stage on Saturday.

Hanz the Juggling Chef takes centre stage on Saturday.

Fred Silk from Gregs Flat works on his 1929 Plymouth after the drive to the 2015 Eden Whale Festival.

Spectators lined Imlay Street for a view of the Eden Motor Group Street Parade on Saturday morning.

Sapphire Coast Historical Vehicles Club member John Ronan of Tura Beach in his all original 1965 Valiant at the 2015 Eden Whale Festival.

1950s Americana takeaway at the 2015 Eden Whale Festival.

The Eden Area Gymnastics group put on a show for all at the 2015 Eden Whale Festival.

Ian Lobley in his 1978 Cadillac enjoys the 2015 Eden Whale Festival.

The Eden Area Gymnastics group put on a show for all at the 2015 Eden Whale Festival.

An Eden Area Gymnast captured in mid-tumble.

An Eden Area Gymnast captured in mid-tumble.

The National Parks and Wildlife Service’s “Walking Whales” were a hit with the crowd during this year’s Eden Motor Group Street Parade as part of the 2015 Eden Whale Festival.

The National Parks and Wildlife Service’s “Walking Whales” were a hit with the crowd during this year’s Eden Motor Group Street Parade as part of the 2015 Eden Whale Festival.

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Girls’ Night at the ‘Boob

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Cyclist Shane Crawford was riding through Burra in July 2013and Heather Davy was there raising awareness and fundsfor breast cancer.

She had arranged for women in the region to hang as many bras as they could along a fence.

“That was the same day I felt a lump in my breast,” she said.

“It was aggressivestage three breast cancer, and 3.5 weeks later I had an operation.”

Tonight in Booborowie, Heather is hosting a Girls’ Night Inand is expecting more than 100guests.

“I’ve always been passionate about this, and events like this are important because it gives people the chance to talk about what they’re going through and find support.”

This will be the second Girls’ Night In that Heather has hosted, with the last one in 2013 raising more than $4000.

Tonight’s event starts at 7:30pm at the Booborowie Hall.

Entry is $10, with plenty of games and crooner Danny Hooper will be there for entertainment.

Get the girls together for what is sure to be a late night!

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